Great news from the Swiss Political Science Review. Our paper How “Coordinated Capitalism Adapts to the Knowledge Economy: Different Upskilling Strategies in Germany and Switzerland” (with Scherwin Bajka and Cecilia Ivardi) just got accepted for publication. Here is the abstract:
The rise of the knowledge economy challenges coordinated models of capitalism by requiring their skill formation systems to produce a workforce with higher skills. This paper examines how coordinated capitalism adapts to upskilling pressures by jointly studying general education and vocational education and training (VET) at both upper-secondary and tertiary levels. Employing a comparative research design covering German and Swiss upskilling efforts over the past 50 years, we observe important differences. Switzerland, with influential small firms and weak union presence, focuses on keeping VET an attractive option at upper-secondary level by favoring VET graduates’ access to tertiary education. By contrast, Germany, marked by large firm dominance and influential unions, concentrates on expanding general education throughout and adding vocational elements later. Our analysis suggests that firms’ reform preferences are conditioned by their size and political constraints to reform.
Great news from the British Journal of Political Science. Our paper, “Landholding Inequality, Social Control, and Mass Opposition to Suffrage Extension”, got accepted for publication (together with Andreina Thoma and André Walter). Great way to start the week. Here is the abstract of the paper.
Does landholding inequality undermine democratization? Pointing to endogeneity concerns, recent contributions have challenged the established argument that landholding elites oppose suffrage extension if geographically fixed assets are unequally distributed. We advance research on this long-standing question by exploiting exogenous variance to reinvestigate the relationship. Using multiple instruments, we find that landholding inequality decreases support for suffrage extension. In addition, by focusing on traditional patterns of social control, we explore a hitherto empirically neglected mechanism linking landholding inequality and democratization. Taking advantage of four direct democratic votes between 1866 and 1877 in Switzerland, we demonstrate that landholding inequality also influences the political preferences of ordinary citizens who do not control these resources. The paper thus shows that high levels of landholding inequality provide local elites not only with the incentive but also with the means to align the local population’s voting behavior with their political goals. Supplementary analyses using qualitative and quantitative data further substantiate this social control mechanism.
We are making great progress with our special issue in Social Policy & Administration, which is scheduled to appear in volume 57, issue 2 in 2023. Next to the introduction, co-authored with Martin B. Carstensen, the special issue is to contain contributions by (in alphabetical order):
Annatina Aerne and Christine Trampusch
Giuliano Bonoli and Ihssane Otmani
Marius Busemeyer and Elvire Guillaud
Niccolo Durazzi, Emmanuele Pavolini, and Fabio Battaglia
Timo Fleckenstein, Soohyun Christine Lee, and Mohun Himmelweit
Julian L. Garritzmann, Silja Häusermann, and Bruno Palier
Jane Gingrich and Anja Giudici
Cathie Jo Martin with Matthew Pastore and Peter Munk Christiansen
Comparative Political Studies just accepted our paper on “Ethnic Minorities, Interstate War, and Fiscal Capacity Development” (with André Walter). Here is the abstract:
Do ethnic majorities and minorities have diverging preferences for fiscal capacity? Do these preferences converge during national emergencies such as interstate war? In this paper, we provide evidence from a natural experiment to demonstrate that politically salient minority-majority divisions undermine the development of fiscal capacity. In addition, we show that the pressure of interstate war is insufficient to supersede differences in support for the expansion of state’s capacity for taxation between majority and minority groups. More specifically, we employ a regression discontinuity design using a natural border that separates linguistic groups and municipality outcomes of a popular vote on the introduction of direct taxation at federal level in Switzerland during the First World War. The findings suggest that salient minority-majority divisions have a negative effect on the expansion of states’ capacity for taxation even during periods of interstate war.
Our newest book on collective skill formation in the knowledge economy (together with Giuliano Bonoli) has now appeared in print. The volume contains contributions by, amongst others, Marius Busemeyer, Niccolo Durazzi, Christian Ebner, Philipp Gonon, Lukas Graf, Christian Lyhne Ibsen, Kathleen Thelen, and Christine Trampusch.
Great news. The Swiss Political Science Review just accepted our paper “International Trade, the Great War, and the Origins of Taxation: Sister Republics Parting Ways” (together with André Walter). Here is the abstract:
The First World War was a watershed moment for the development of the modern tax state. Yet whereas the tax yield strongly increased in this period, little is known about how the tax mix changed, in particular regarding the turn to direct taxation. Examining the two ‘Sister Republics’ Switzerland and the USA, this paper demonstrates that tax reforms in this critical period for modern tax systems were conditioned by coalitions among producer groups, which had already come into existence before the war. Most notably, farmers and their position on international trade were important in shaping coalitions on the turn to direct taxation. The Great War’s main role was to temporarily interrupt (Switzerland) or cement (USA) the tax system’s reorientation. The paper thus shows that war-induced tax reforms have a lasting impact on the tax mix only if powerful coalitions support these reforms independent of the war effort.
The Journal of Politics just accepted our article entitled “Designing Electoral Districts for New Proportional Representation Systems: How Electoral Geography and Partisan Politics Constrain Proportionality and Create Bias” (together with André Walter, conditional on successful replication). Here is the abstract:
Proportional representation (PR) electoral systems have grown widespread because they are expected to ensure the representation of interests with small or geographically inefficiently distributed voter bases. Yet in reality, most PR systems consist of a large number of districts that vary strongly in size and some have surprisingly low magnitude. Existing research shows that such differences matter greatly for political outcomes but offers no explanation for their origins. We argue that the design of electoral districts in newly adopted PR systems is systematically linked to electoral geography and partisan politics. If parties with concentrated voter bases can influence the design of the new electoral system, they will create a significant number of low magnitude districts. In general, parties involved in designing districts benefit from electoral disproportionalities under the new PR rules. Empirically, we use newly collected district-level data for several Western European countries in the early 20th century.
Am Politikwissenschaftlichen Departement der Universität St. Gallen, Lehrstuhl für Politikfeldanalyse und Vergleichende Politische Ökonomie (Prof. Patrick Emmenegger), suchen wir ab Juni 2022 (für sieben Monate)
eine Hilfsassistentin / einen Hilfsassistenten (30%)
für ein Forschungsprojekt zu Berufspräferenzen von Jugendlichen im Zeitalter der Digitalisierung. Folgende drei Fragen stehen im Vordergrund: Macht ein starker Informatikbezug eine Lehrstelle attraktiver? Besteht in diesem Zusammenhang ein Gender Gap? Und wenn ja, wie lässt sich dieser erklären? Um die Fragen zu beantworten, wird eine kantonsübergreifende Umfrage (Luzern und St. Gallen) lanciert. Die Stelle umfasst die Mitarbeit an einem vom Staatssekretariat für Bildung, Forschung und Innovation (SBFI) finanzierten Projekt zur Governance der Berufsbildung in der Schweiz.
Zu Ihren zukünftigen Arbeitsinhalten zählen:
Kommunikation mit Schulleitungen und Lehren
Umfrage ankündigen, Projekt erläutern und Termine koordinieren
Begleitung des Datenerhebungsprozesses
Unterstützung des Teams bei Besuchen vor Ort
Organisation der Verlosung und Zustellung des Teilnahmepreises
Feedbackbericht für Schulklassen entwerfen und zustellen
Erstellen deskriptiver Statistiken in Programmen wie Excel oder R
Wir erwarten von Ihnen:
Fortgeschrittenes Studium (Bachelor oder Master) in International Affairs, Politikwissenschaft, Volkswirtschaftslehre, Soziologie oder einer anderen Sozialwissenschaft mit guten oder sehr guten Studienleistungen
Affinität für Feldarbeit
Organisatorisches sowie redaktionelles Geschick
Hohe und situationsangepasste Ausdruckskompetenz in Deutsch (Muttersprache)
Hohe Leistungsbereitschaft, Zuverlässigkeit und Flexibilität
Interesse an Schweizer Bildungspolitik
Wir bieten Ihnen:
Einblick in die akademische Forschung und in ein spannendes Projekt
Arbeitsplatz am Departement, kurzer Weg zum Bahnhof
Arbeitssprache ist Deutsch
Bei Interesse senden Sie bitte Ihre Bewerbung (Bewerbungsschreiben, Lebenslauf und Leistungsausweise in einem PDF sowie eine schriftliche Arbeit (z.B. Seminararbeit) als zweites PDF) bis zum 15. Mai 2022 an Prof. Patrick Emmenegger (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The special issue in the Journal of European Public Policy, entitled “The Politics of Taxing the Rich: Declining Tax Rates in Times of Rising Inequality” has now appeared in print (with Hanna Lierse) – Volume 29, Issue 5, 2022.
The “Handbuch der Schweizer Politik / Manuel de la politique suisse” is now out (7th edition). Special thanks to my co-editors Flavia Fossati, Silja Häusermann, Yannis Papadopoulos, Pascal Sciarini, and Adrian Vatter. The book can be bought at NZZ Libro. By the way, the book is also very helpful for people interested in (the practical experience of) weight lifting. Just saying.